Tetsuro Iji. Multiparty Mediation in Violent Conflict: Peacemaking Diplomacy in the Tajikistan Civil War Routledge Taylor & Francis, 2019. ISBN 1000691462, 9781000691467. 206 pages
As is known, during Tajikistan’s civil war(1992-1997), a series of talks took place between the government of President Emomali Rahmonand the United Tajik Opposition(UTO) under the aegis of the United Nationsand with the endorsement of Russia, Iran and other countries. The talks started in April1994 and ended in June 1997 with the signing in Moscow of the General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord,putting an end to the Tajik civil war. Although the Tajik negotiators were responsible for the outcome of the talks and determined the contents of the agreements, having an external ‘third party’ mediator and assistant to negotiators were influential on how these agreements were reached. Also important was the involvement of foreign governments who were close to one or more of the Tajik parties. These external actors had a complex influence over the peace process. Yet it was probably one of the best coordinated peace processes in recent history, with a very diverse range of institutional actors all working together to support the peacemaking efforts of Tajikistanis.