Kamoludin Abdullaev and Shahram Akbarzaheh Historical Dictionary of Tajikistan

The emergence of the independent Republic of Tajikistan (Jumhurii Tojikiston) was one of the most painful state building attempts in post-Soviet history. Since 1990, this country has experienced a rise in political activism, freedom of speech, sharp political debates, collapse of state institutions, civic disorder, civil war, an internationally led peace process, return of exiled opposition and their militias, and redistribution of power. As of 2010, Tajikistan continues its gradual shift from the fragile, postwar recovery period towards a more stable, Continue reading